March 11, 1851-Vol. 9, No. 52, August 31, 1852); Arkansas True Democrat (Vol. 10, No. 1, September 7, 1852-Vol. 20, No. 39, June 24, 1863)
Publisher and Place of Publication: Richard H. Johnson, Little Rock, Arkansas ( 1860- 1861)
Editor: Elias C. Boudinot and J. H. Black ( 1860-1861)
The Arkansian was a six-column, four-page weekly newspaper established at Fayetteville, Arkansas, on March 5, 1859, by J. R. Pettigrew, a white, and Elias Cornelius Boudinot, a Cherokee. Boudinot was born at New Echota, Georgia, in 1835, the son of Elias and Harriet (Gold) Boudinot. His father was the well- known editor of the Cherokee Phoenix* who was assassinated in 1839 for having signed the removal treaty. The younger Boudinot as educated in the East and then moved to Arkansas, where he practiced law. 1
Pettigrew and Boudinot were editors and proprietors, with Pettigrew acting as senior editor. In February, 1860, he stepped down and was replaced by William Quesenbury, also white, who was editor in the absence of Boudinot, then active in Arkansas politics. In May, Boudinot, too, left the paper to become one of the editors of the Arkansas True Democrat* in Little Rock. However, Boudinot and Pettigrew retained an interest in The Arkansian until November, 1860, when it was sold to T. J. Hines of Fayetteville.
Under the management of Pettigrew and Boudinot, whose motto was "The Constitutional Rights of the South," the newspaper supported the Democratic Party as the only political organization in the country capable of combating "the hydra of Abolitionism." The editors also advocated the construction of a transcontinental railway along the thirty-fifth parallel, promoted education, and stressed that the time was rapidly approaching when "the Indian Semi-Republics on our frontier, will be merged into their powerful prototype and guardian." The editors wished to accelerate that process and push the Indians toward political equality with the whites.
Each issue contained several columns of state and local news and filler material. There were frequent letters, addresses, and news items as well as an occasional creative work from the Cherokee Nation.
The Arkansian was a popular paper. It reached a circulation of 2000 and became Arkansas's most influential newspaper at that time outside Little Rock. 2 It ceased publication in the spring of 1861, about the time Arkansas seceded from the Union.