American Indian and Alaska Native Newspapers and Periodicals, 1826-1924 - Vol. 1

By Daniel F. Littlefield Jr.; James W. Parins | Go to book overview

While the paper featured a department called "From Our Baptist Missionaries," Freer was quick to point out that the Carrier Pigeon was not affiliated with any mission but came out of the agency and the government boarding school. 7 News from the Cheyenne and Arapaho school was a regular feature, and occasionally items appeared from other schools like Chilocco. The paper also published inspirational articles aimed at the school audience, e.g., "What Makes a Boy Popular?" "Character," and "Stand True." Inspirational aphorisms aimed at moral development often provided filler.

The Carrier Pigeon, as the organ of the Cheyenne and Arapaho Agency, carried articles that supported the agency's policy of turning the Indian people into farmers and ranchers through articles like "Alfalfa Is a Paying Crop," "Provide Winter Feed," and "Saving the Soil." Along the same lines, the paper printed articles on sanitation and disease prevention like "Tuberculosis" and "The Dangerous House Fly." Local lectures and classes on sanitation, agriculture, and stock raising received publicity in the paper.

The Carrier Pigeon was suspended in the summer of 1913. One reason was the "approaching termination of the trust period and the Indian's relation to the state as a full citizen." 8 In view of the government's assimilationist policies, Farrell reasoned, it was better for the Indians to subscribe to their local papers than to one published especially for them. He viewed newspapers of the local communities as tools to help the Indian enter the mainstream of American society.


Notes
1.
William B. Freer to Arthur C. Parker, February 17, 1912, Cheyenne and Arapaho- Newspapers, Archives Division, Oklahoma Historical Society.
2.
Circular 72, ibid. Freer, a native of Ohio, later became a field supervisor for the Indian service.
3.
Freer to James W. Wilson, March 22, 1911, ibid.
4.
Circular 4, November 12, 1912, ibid. Farrell was a native of New York.
5.
Letters to superintendents, November 20, 1912, ibid.
6.
F. E. Farrell to Commissioner of Indian Affairs, November 13, 1913, ibid.
7.
Freer to Parker, February 17, 1912, ibid.
8.
Freer to W. P. Campbell, January 12, 1911, ibid.

Information Sources

Bibliography: None

Index Sources: None

Location Sources: Gregory; OkHi-A


Publication History

Title and Title Changes: The Cheyenne and Arapaho Carrier Pigeon ( 1910- 1913)

Volume and Issue Data: The Cheyenne and Arapaho Carrier Pigeon (Vol. 1, No. 1, April 15, 1910-Vol. 3, No. 12, June 2, 1913)

Publisher and Place of Publication: Cheyenne and Arapaho Agency, Darlington, Oklahoma ( 1910-1913)

Editor: William B. Freer ( 1910- 1912); F. E. Farrell ( 1912- 1913)

-94-

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American Indian and Alaska Native Newspapers and Periodicals, 1826-1924 - Vol. 1
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface vii
  • Introduction xi
  • Conclusion xxxi
  • GUIDE TO INFORMATION SOURCES IN THE ENTRIES xxxiii
  • A 3
  • Note 4
  • Note 5
  • Note 6
  • Note 9
  • Notes 18
  • Note 20
  • Note 23
  • Notes 27
  • Notes 30
  • Notes 32
  • Notes 34
  • Note 37
  • B 39
  • Notes 40
  • Notes 42
  • Note 43
  • C 47
  • Notes 49
  • Note 51
  • Note 55
  • Notes 58
  • Notes 73
  • Notes 79
  • Notes 81
  • Note 82
  • Notes 84
  • Notes 91
  • Notes 94
  • Notes 97
  • Note 98
  • Notes 102
  • Notes 103
  • Notes 104
  • Notes 107
  • Note 109
  • Note 111
  • Notes 116
  • Notes 120
  • D 123
  • Notes 124
  • Notes 125
  • Notes 127
  • Notes 131
  • E 133
  • Notes 134
  • F 137
  • Notes 138
  • G 141
  • Notes 141
  • H 143
  • Note 143
  • Notes 147
  • I 151
  • Notes 162
  • Note 167
  • Notes 168
  • Note 170
  • Notes 171
  • Note 172
  • Note 173
  • Notes 176
  • Note 180
  • Note 185
  • Notes 189
  • Notes 195
  • Notes 200
  • Notes 204
  • Note 209
  • Notes 213
  • Notes 216
  • Note 219
  • Notes 220
  • Notes 224
  • Notes 229
  • Notes 231
  • Note 234
  • Notes 241
  • Notes 245
  • L 247
  • M 249
  • Note 250
  • Note 251
  • Note 255
  • Note 256
  • Note 259
  • Note 260
  • Note 263
  • Notes 264
  • Notes 266
  • N 267
  • Notes 269
  • Notes 270
  • Note 273
  • Notes 277
  • O 279
  • Note 289
  • Notes 292
  • Notes 295
  • P 297
  • Notes 300
  • Notes 301
  • Notes 303
  • Q 305
  • Note 306
  • Note 307
  • R 309
  • Note 312
  • Notes 316
  • Notes 320
  • Notes 325
  • S 327
  • Note 328
  • Notes 329
  • Notes 330
  • Notes 332
  • Note 334
  • Note 335
  • Notes 337
  • Notes 338
  • Note 340
  • Note 343
  • Notes 346
  • Notes 347
  • Note 349
  • Notes 352
  • T 355
  • Notes 356
  • Note 361
  • Note 363
  • Notes 369
  • V 371
  • Notes 372
  • Notes 375
  • Note 377
  • W 379
  • Notes 380
  • Notes 382
  • Notes 384
  • Note 386
  • Notes 389
  • Notes 394
  • Notes 398
  • Notes 399
  • Note 402
  • Note 406
  • Notes 407
  • Y 409
  • SUPPLEMENTAL LIST OF TITLES 411
  • APPENDIX A LIST OF TITLES BY CHRONOLOGY 425
  • APPENDIX B LIST OF TITLES BY LOCATION 431
  • APPENDIX C LIST OF TITLES BY TRIBAL AFFILIATION OR EMPHASIS 439
  • Index 447
  • About the Authors 483
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