Publisher and Place of Publication: Chieftain Publishing Company, Vinita, Cherokee Nation ( 1891)
Editor: John L. Adair ( 1891)
The Daily Indian Journal was established on October 17, 1876, at Muskogee, Creek Nation, as an extra edition of the weekly Indian Journal.* During the last quarter of the nineteenth century, it was a common phenomenon of newspapers in the Indian Territory to publish daily or tri-weekly papers for the duration of special events, such as the convening of the Indian national councils. In the case of the Journal, the special event was the Indian International Fair at Muskogee.
The purpose was to report the daily events of the fair, a rather sensational event in the Indian Territory in 1876. The newspaper provided its readers with descriptive sketches of the fair, synopses of speeches, news about persons attending the fair, schedules of events, and other news of interest from the town and surrounding area, including the violence. It also contained one column in Choctaw print and two columns in Creek.
The first editors of The Daily Indian Journal were William Potter Ross and Myron P. Roberts. Ross, a Cherokee, was born at Lookout Mountain, Tennessee, on August 20, 1820, the son of John and Eliza ( Ross) Ross. Educated first at Presbyterian mission schools and at schools in Tennessee and New Jersey, he attended Princeton, from which he graduated in 1842. He served in various Cherokee national offices before the Civil War, during which he served in the Confederate Army. After the war, he was principal chief of the Cherokee Nation, 1866-1867 and 1872-1875. His previous newspaper experience was work as editor of The Cherokee Advocate* from 1844 to 1848. Roberts, Ross' co-editor, was born at Riders Mills, New York, on April 18, 1831. He had been in the wholesale and retail drug business at Chicago and at Sheboygan Falls, Wisconsin, before going to Muskogee in 1874. 1
The only known copies of The Daily Indian Journal are from the fall of 1876. It was apparently revived in October, 1878; October, 1880; September, 1881; September 1886. It was also published during 1902 and 1903. 2