American Indian and Alaska Native Newspapers and Periodicals, 1826-1924 - Vol. 1

By Daniel F. Littlefield Jr.; James W. Parins | Go to book overview

New York, Mrs. Crannell became well known in the 1890s as an opponent of the extension of suffrage to women. 1

The Advocate was established, Mrs. Crannell said, because of the public's need to understand the "Indian problem." In the wake of the Sioux "outbreak" in 1890, there had been a tendency to reduce the "problem" to simple terms. It was not a clear-cut issue, she argued, but a very complex one that needed exposition.

Her motto set the tone for the publication. The Albany Indian Association and its monthly fit squarely into the assimilationist camp of the Christian reformers of the late nineteenth century. They supported the Americanization policy of Commissioner of Indian Affairs Thomas J. Morgan. Much of the content consisted of Morgan's reports; articles by Richard H. Pratt, S. C. Armstrong, and other assimilationist educators; and reports of the annual meetings of organizations such as the Friends of the Indians and the Mohonk Conferences. The Advocate also served the practical purpose of keeping members informed of reform activities and of projected actions by their own organization.

The Advocate also reflected the Protestantism infusing the administration of Indian affairs at that time. It advocated Christian education, but occasional articles reflected the anti-Catholic attitude among reformers who sought to have federal appropriations ended for contract Indian schools directed by the Catholics.

There was also general information content. Most issues contained an article on a particular tribe or the tribes of a state or region: e.g., the Shinnecock, Chippewa, or Mission Indians or the Indians of Arizona, Alaska, or New York. Letters from missionaries, reformers, and others in the field were published occasionally. And there was an occasional article on Indian crafts or ceremonies.

The Indian Advocate ceased publication apparently in 1896. 2


Notes
1.
"Elizabeth Keller Shaule Crannell," Who Was Who with World Notables ( Chicago: Marquis--Who's Who, 1973), 5: 158.
2.
Edna Brown Titus (ed.), Union List of Serials in Libraries of the United States and Canada ( New York: The H. W. Wilson Company, 1965), 1954.

Information Sources

Bibliography: None

Index Sources: None

Location Sources: Danky and Hady; ULS


Publication History

Title and Title Changes: The Indian Advocate ( 1891- 1896)

Volume and Issue Data: The Indian Advocate (Vol. 1, No. 1, April, 1891-Vol. 4, No. 8, November, 1894)

Publisher and Place of Publication: Albany Indian Association, Albany, New York ( 1891-1896)

Editor: Elizabeth Keller Shaule Crannell ( 1891-1894)

-168-

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American Indian and Alaska Native Newspapers and Periodicals, 1826-1924 - Vol. 1
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface vii
  • Introduction xi
  • Conclusion xxxi
  • GUIDE TO INFORMATION SOURCES IN THE ENTRIES xxxiii
  • A 3
  • Note 4
  • Note 5
  • Note 6
  • Note 9
  • Notes 18
  • Note 20
  • Note 23
  • Notes 27
  • Notes 30
  • Notes 32
  • Notes 34
  • Note 37
  • B 39
  • Notes 40
  • Notes 42
  • Note 43
  • C 47
  • Notes 49
  • Note 51
  • Note 55
  • Notes 58
  • Notes 73
  • Notes 79
  • Notes 81
  • Note 82
  • Notes 84
  • Notes 91
  • Notes 94
  • Notes 97
  • Note 98
  • Notes 102
  • Notes 103
  • Notes 104
  • Notes 107
  • Note 109
  • Note 111
  • Notes 116
  • Notes 120
  • D 123
  • Notes 124
  • Notes 125
  • Notes 127
  • Notes 131
  • E 133
  • Notes 134
  • F 137
  • Notes 138
  • G 141
  • Notes 141
  • H 143
  • Note 143
  • Notes 147
  • I 151
  • Notes 162
  • Note 167
  • Notes 168
  • Note 170
  • Notes 171
  • Note 172
  • Note 173
  • Notes 176
  • Note 180
  • Note 185
  • Notes 189
  • Notes 195
  • Notes 200
  • Notes 204
  • Note 209
  • Notes 213
  • Notes 216
  • Note 219
  • Notes 220
  • Notes 224
  • Notes 229
  • Notes 231
  • Note 234
  • Notes 241
  • Notes 245
  • L 247
  • M 249
  • Note 250
  • Note 251
  • Note 255
  • Note 256
  • Note 259
  • Note 260
  • Note 263
  • Notes 264
  • Notes 266
  • N 267
  • Notes 269
  • Notes 270
  • Note 273
  • Notes 277
  • O 279
  • Note 289
  • Notes 292
  • Notes 295
  • P 297
  • Notes 300
  • Notes 301
  • Notes 303
  • Q 305
  • Note 306
  • Note 307
  • R 309
  • Note 312
  • Notes 316
  • Notes 320
  • Notes 325
  • S 327
  • Note 328
  • Notes 329
  • Notes 330
  • Notes 332
  • Note 334
  • Note 335
  • Notes 337
  • Notes 338
  • Note 340
  • Note 343
  • Notes 346
  • Notes 347
  • Note 349
  • Notes 352
  • T 355
  • Notes 356
  • Note 361
  • Note 363
  • Notes 369
  • V 371
  • Notes 372
  • Notes 375
  • Note 377
  • W 379
  • Notes 380
  • Notes 382
  • Notes 384
  • Note 386
  • Notes 389
  • Notes 394
  • Notes 398
  • Notes 399
  • Note 402
  • Note 406
  • Notes 407
  • Y 409
  • SUPPLEMENTAL LIST OF TITLES 411
  • APPENDIX A LIST OF TITLES BY CHRONOLOGY 425
  • APPENDIX B LIST OF TITLES BY LOCATION 431
  • APPENDIX C LIST OF TITLES BY TRIBAL AFFILIATION OR EMPHASIS 439
  • Index 447
  • About the Authors 483
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