Title and Title Changes: The Branding Iron ( 1884); Indian Champion ( 1884- 1885)
Volume and Issue Data: The Branding Iron (Vol. 1, No. 1, February 23, 1884-Vol. 1, No. 4, March 15, 1884); Indian Champion (Vol. 1, No. 5, March 22, 1884-Vol. 2, No. 38, December 28, 1885)
Publisher and Place of Publication: Loren H. Roberts and Renfrew M. Roberts, Atoka, Choctaw Nation ( 1884-1885)
Editor: Renfrew H. Roberts ( 1884-1885)
INDIAN CHIEFTAIN. See THE VINITA WEEKLY CHIEFTAIN
The Indian Citizen ( 1884) was established at the Indian Industrial School at Forest Grove, Oregon, in February, 1884, as a four-page, two-column monthly. It was said to be "Edited and Published by the Indian children at Forest Grove, Oregon, in the interests of the Forest Grove School and of the Indians of the Pacific Coast," yet the editors and publishers were listed as "Kalama and Lear." Kalama was Peter Kalama, who in 1885 was head printer and acting disciplinarian at the school and in 1886-1887 was a teacher. Lear has not been identified.
This was their first attempt at editing and publishing, the editors said. They had to set up one page and print it and then redistribute the type and set up another.
The opening statement set the tone for the publication. Their purpose was to let the people at home know what they were doing and to let the people of one reservation know what was happening at another. The Indians' work before them, they said, was to learn about God and to become civilized, ultimately to become U.S. citizens. This message was reiterated in an article in the first issue, "The Future of the Indians." The publication contained school news, reports of events on campus, news of students who had returned home, employees, visitors, and Indians in various regions, student essays, and articles in praise of the school.
How long The Indian Citizen continued is uncertain. Only a few scattered issues are known to have survived. However, it was still being published in the fall of 1886 after the Forest Grove School was moved to Chemawa. 1