American Indian and Alaska Native Newspapers and Periodicals, 1826-1924 - Vol. 1

By Daniel F. Littlefield Jr.; James W. Parins | Go to book overview

official paper of the Downing political party of the Cherokee Nation. Parks, who was a member of the party, claimed that his paper made a specialty of Cherokee national affairs and fully discussed all "live" political issues of the day. Since many prominent Downing men were businessmen, the newspaper enjoyed a great deal of advertising business. Approximately half of the print was filler material. The remainder was local or Cherokee national news. There were frequent articles on topics of national interest such as intruders, citizenship, the Dawes Commission, the Freedmen's Compromise, school laws and education, crime, the Curtis Act, the court system, the Keetoowah Society, and townsites. Special or significant events were reflected in the pages as well: the Spanish- American War, annual messages of the principal chiefs, National Council activities, political campaigns, and religious conferences. Regular columns were devoted to local and personal news from Tahlequah and other towns and villages, secret societies and churches, and Washington news. As time passed, Parks published more news from the Indian Territory in general and from the United States. He remained loyal to the Downing Party and advocated allotment and the election of "progressive" officials.

In May, 1900, the Sentinel Publishing Company was sold to J. W. Patton and F. P. Shields, who had come to Tahlequah from Stilwell, Cherokee Nation. They claimed to continue in the interests of the Downing Party, but they also professed to be Democrats in the most modern sense and called for a speedy settlement of Cherokee affairs, i.e., dissolution of the Cherokee tribal title. Parks had published a seven-column paper. They quickly changed the format to eight smaller pages of five columns. The Sentinel apparently ceased publication in 1902. 7


Notes
1.
H. F. O'Beirne and E. S. O'Beirne, The Indian Territory ( St. Louis: C. B. Woodward Company, 1892), 430; Muskogee Phoenix. April 10, 1890.
2.
Cherokee Telephone, April 9, 1891; Carolyn Thomas Foreman, "Early History of Webbers Falls," Chronicles of Oklahoma, 29 (Winter, 1951- 1952), 477.
3.
Thompson died in 1899. Indian Sentinel, November 14, 1899.
4.
Carolyn Thomas Foreman, Oklahoma Imprints, 1835-1907 ( Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1936), 88; American Newspaper Directory ( New York: George P. Rowell & Co., 1893), 199.
5.
The Weekly Capital, January 24, 1896; D. C. Gideon, Indian Territory ( New York: The Lewis Publishing Company, 1901), 261-262; Emmet Starr, History of the Cherokee Indians and Their Legends and Folk Lore ( Oklahoma City: The Warden Company, 1921), 658. Cunningham died on March 29, 1912. The Tahlequah Arrow, April 4, 1912.
6.
Parks was the son of Thomas Jefferson and Ann (Thompson) Parks. He edited the Daily Sentinel in 1898 and 1899. In 1904 and 1905 he was superintendent of the Cherokee Orphan Asylum; from 1908 to 1913, county judge of Cherokee County, Oklahoma; and from 1924 to 1935, judge of the First Judicial District of Oklahoma. He died on May 25, 1951. Gideon, Indian Territory, 361-362; T. L. Ballenger, "The Life and Times ofJeff Thompson Parks: Pioneer, Educator, Jurist,"

-229-

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American Indian and Alaska Native Newspapers and Periodicals, 1826-1924 - Vol. 1
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface vii
  • Introduction xi
  • Conclusion xxxi
  • GUIDE TO INFORMATION SOURCES IN THE ENTRIES xxxiii
  • A 3
  • Note 4
  • Note 5
  • Note 6
  • Note 9
  • Notes 18
  • Note 20
  • Note 23
  • Notes 27
  • Notes 30
  • Notes 32
  • Notes 34
  • Note 37
  • B 39
  • Notes 40
  • Notes 42
  • Note 43
  • C 47
  • Notes 49
  • Note 51
  • Note 55
  • Notes 58
  • Notes 73
  • Notes 79
  • Notes 81
  • Note 82
  • Notes 84
  • Notes 91
  • Notes 94
  • Notes 97
  • Note 98
  • Notes 102
  • Notes 103
  • Notes 104
  • Notes 107
  • Note 109
  • Note 111
  • Notes 116
  • Notes 120
  • D 123
  • Notes 124
  • Notes 125
  • Notes 127
  • Notes 131
  • E 133
  • Notes 134
  • F 137
  • Notes 138
  • G 141
  • Notes 141
  • H 143
  • Note 143
  • Notes 147
  • I 151
  • Notes 162
  • Note 167
  • Notes 168
  • Note 170
  • Notes 171
  • Note 172
  • Note 173
  • Notes 176
  • Note 180
  • Note 185
  • Notes 189
  • Notes 195
  • Notes 200
  • Notes 204
  • Note 209
  • Notes 213
  • Notes 216
  • Note 219
  • Notes 220
  • Notes 224
  • Notes 229
  • Notes 231
  • Note 234
  • Notes 241
  • Notes 245
  • L 247
  • M 249
  • Note 250
  • Note 251
  • Note 255
  • Note 256
  • Note 259
  • Note 260
  • Note 263
  • Notes 264
  • Notes 266
  • N 267
  • Notes 269
  • Notes 270
  • Note 273
  • Notes 277
  • O 279
  • Note 289
  • Notes 292
  • Notes 295
  • P 297
  • Notes 300
  • Notes 301
  • Notes 303
  • Q 305
  • Note 306
  • Note 307
  • R 309
  • Note 312
  • Notes 316
  • Notes 320
  • Notes 325
  • S 327
  • Note 328
  • Notes 329
  • Notes 330
  • Notes 332
  • Note 334
  • Note 335
  • Notes 337
  • Notes 338
  • Note 340
  • Note 343
  • Notes 346
  • Notes 347
  • Note 349
  • Notes 352
  • T 355
  • Notes 356
  • Note 361
  • Note 363
  • Notes 369
  • V 371
  • Notes 372
  • Notes 375
  • Note 377
  • W 379
  • Notes 380
  • Notes 382
  • Notes 384
  • Note 386
  • Notes 389
  • Notes 394
  • Notes 398
  • Notes 399
  • Note 402
  • Note 406
  • Notes 407
  • Y 409
  • SUPPLEMENTAL LIST OF TITLES 411
  • APPENDIX A LIST OF TITLES BY CHRONOLOGY 425
  • APPENDIX B LIST OF TITLES BY LOCATION 431
  • APPENDIX C LIST OF TITLES BY TRIBAL AFFILIATION OR EMPHASIS 439
  • Index 447
  • About the Authors 483
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