Always a financial uncertainty, The Metlakahtlan ceased publication with the December, 1891, issue.
Bibliography: John W. Arctander, The Apostle of Alaska: The Story of William Duncan of Metlakahtla ( New York: Fleming H. Revell Company, 1909)
Index Sources: None
Location Sources: Danky and Hady; Gregory; ULS
Title and Title Changes: The Metlakahtlan ( 1888-1891)
Volume and Issue Data: The Metlakahtlan (Vol. 1, No. 1, November, 1888-Vol. 1, No. 8, December, 1891)
Publisher and Place of Publication: William Duncan, Metlakatla, Alaska ( 1888-1891)
Editor: William Duncan ( 1888-1891)
Founded at Banning, California, in October, 1895, The Mission Indian was a response to the campaign then being waged by the press, Protestant clergy, members of Congress, and public officials against government subsidy of Catholic education of Indians. 1 Its founder and editor, the Reverend B. Florian Hahn, found the Indians at Banning with anti-Catholic literature "furnished by the sects." Feeling that he could not stand by, he established the monthly publication to do what he could to "thoroughly instruct the Indians in our holy religion." His motto was "In essentials: Unity; In doubtful matters: Liberty; In all things, Charity."
Father Hahn had worked since August 20, 1890, in the missions of the Catholic Indians of Southern California. He also had eleven years' experience as a printer. One of his objectives was to use the paper to help educate the children at the Banning Mission School. The boys would help in the printing, learning English while they learned to spell and set type. He encouraged the girls to write letters to the paper. He published the first issue on October 15, 1895; it consisted of eight pages with three columns of print.
Father Hahn gave some attention to current events. He published news of the Indian missions and schools. Columns contained news of priests and nuns, other Catholic missions, local happenings at Banning, and events at the Indian reserves at Porterero, Palm Springs, San Assidro, San Filipe, Caohiulla Valley, La Jolla,