orphanage. Both the March and April, 1895, numbers were full of information on Alaska. The editor announced that the Moqui Mission Messenger would be discontinued after April, but that subscribers would receive the mission society's publication, The Echo.
Bibliography: Frederick Webb Hodge (ed.), Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico ( Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1910), 2: 233.
Index Sources: None
Location Sources: DSI-BAE; ULS
Title and Title Changes: Moqui Mission Messenger ( 1894- 1895)
Volume and Issue Data: Moqui Mission Messenger (Vol. 1, No. 1, January, 1894-Vol. 2, No. 4, April, 1895)
Publisher: Moqui Faith Mission, Keams Canyon, Arizona ( 1894), and Chicago, Illinois ( 1894- 1895)
Editor: Curtis P. Coe ( 1894- 1895)
THE MORNING STAR. See THE RED MAN AND HELPER
The Morning Sun was a small three-column, four-page newspaper that began publication at Tahlequah, Cherokee Nation, on November 6, 1893, as a daily edition of the weekly Indian Arrow.* Published by the Arrow Publishing Company, it was edited every morning except Monday by John Leaf Springston. Born near Lynch's Mill in the Cherokee Nation in October, 1845, Springston spoke only Cherokee as a child. But he entered the Cherokee common schools and by the age of fifteen was proficient enough in English to serve as clerk and reporter of the Saline District Court. He served in the Union Army during the Civil War, and after the war he held several public offices and served as translator and associate editor of The Cherokee Advocate,* which post he left in 1886. 1
Approximately two thirds of the news space in The Morning Sun was devoted to Cherokee national news. The newspaper's founding coincided with the convening of the annual Cherokee National Council in 1893, and activities surrounding that legislative body received much attention. The remaining news was "local and personal." There was little filler material, and each issue confined at least part of a column of Cherokee print.