The Papoose, founded by the Hyde Exploring Expedition of New York, began publication in December, 1902, with Thomas F. Barnes as editor. "Devoted to all matters of interest to Indian educators and collectors of Indian works of art," the monthly was concerned with the "revival and perpetuation of arts and crafts rapidly dying our for lack of appreciation" and with the subjects of the Indians' rights and wrongs. It was not concerned with redressing past wrongs but with warding off future injustice. Thus its stated purposes were to encourage the branches of the nearly forgotten arts, to seek the education of Indian children at home on the reservation, and to seek practical training for both old and young in living, farming, and fruit and stock growing.
The interest in survival of Indian arts was not altogether altruistic. As a trading company with enterprises in the East and Southwest, the Hyde Exploring Expedition's livelihood depended, in part, on continued demand for Indian art. Thus much of the content related to Southwestern tribes.
Of special interest was basketry. The editor published articles on basket making, the demand for baskets, meanings of basket designs, and materials for baskets. Other articles featured the baskets of certain tribes or regions: Washo Manzanita, Northwestern tribes. The editor lauded the recommendation by Estelle Reel, Superintendent of Indian Schools, to make basketry a course of study in Indian schools. He also published photographs of "rare" baskets, descriptions of private collections, and catalogs of baskets for sale with descriptions of the characteristics of the baskets of different tribes.
The Navajos and their rugs also received frequent treatment. General articles on the tribe, rug making, and native dyes were published.