sion, industrial, health, school numbers. The artistic cover design was dropped and replaced by a graphic design, and the entire issue was single-column print. The special issues contained articles written by people outside Carlisle. The school emphasis, which had declined considerably under Friedman, disappeared altogether as did the student writing. Alumni notes and news of ex-students, however, remained until 1915, when they and most of the art work were dropped. In 1914, Lipps began to include large amounts of exchange material relating to Indians around the country. In early 1915 nearly all of the content was exchange material with more historical and folklore emphasis, with an occasional article focusing on the problems facing a particular tribe.
In the fall of 1916, Lipps returned to more current topics, emphasizing "progress" and litigation involving Indians. Most of this material, however, continued to be exchange items. The length of issues was slightly reduced during the last several months, and in 1917 only combined monthly issues appeared.
The last two issues were edited by John Francis, Jr., who became superintendent early in 1917. The Red Man ceased publication with the May/June issue, when it merged with The Carlisle Arrow to form The Carlisle Arrow and Red Man.* Well before that time, it had lost the originality and quality it had had when Friedman edited it. The first five years of the periodical remain a fine example of Indian printing.
Bibliography: Oscar H. Lipps, "Edgar K. Miller--Master Teacher: An Appreciation," The Indian School Journal, 33 ( December, 1933), 32-36
Index Sources: None
Location Sources: Danky and Hady; MnULS; NL; NYPL; OCLC 1640454; UCLA; ULS. Microprint: Datamics; DLC. Reprint: Johnson
Title and Title Changes: The Indian Craftsman ( 1909- 1910); The Red Man ( 1910- 1917)
Volume and Issue Data: The Indian Craftsman (Vol. 1, No. 1, February, 1909-Vol. 2, No. 5, January, 1910); The Red Man (Vol. 2, No. 6, February, 1910-Vol. 9, No. 7, May/June, 1917)
Publisher and Place of Publication: U.S. Indian Industrial School, Carlisle, Pennsylvania ( 1909-1917)
Editor: Moses Friedman ( 1909- 1914); Oscar H. Lipps ( 1914- 1917); John Francis, Jr. ( 1917)