SJC TODAY. See TODAY: SHELDON JACKSON COLLEGE
The Sacramento Bee began as The Daily Bee at Sacramento, California, on February 3, 1857, with John Rollin Ridge as principal editor. The publisher was Tobey, Church, and Company.
Ridge was half Cherokee, the son of the celebrated John Ridge. Chees-quat- a-law-ny, or Yellow Bird, was born in the Eastern Cherokee Nation in 1827. After his father was assassinated in 1839 for having signed the Cherokee removal treaty, the family moved to Fayetteville, Arkansas, where the young Ridge received a basic education. In 1849 he killed another Cherokee and fled to Missouri. In 1850 he went overland to California, where he mined and then entered the newspaper business. He was well known as the author of The Life and Adventures of Joaquin Murieta ( 1854). 1 Ridge had also been a correspondent for the New Orleans True Delta and had edited the Sacramento Daily California American until it ceased publication only days before the Bee began.
The Daily Bee was born amid the storm of California politics in the waning antebellum years. The American had been an American (or Know Nothing) Party newspaper. Ridge stressed that the material in the Bee would be the same as that in the American "except party affiliation and dependency and advocacy of party principles for support." Disillusioned by the hopeless split in the Know Nothings in 1856 and by the corruption among ranking men in the Democratic Party, then in power in California, the founders of the Bee promised an inde-