American Indian and Alaska Native Newspapers and Periodicals, 1826-1924 - Vol. 1

By Daniel F. Littlefield Jr.; James W. Parins | Go to book overview

The editors in 1855 were Cherokee students David Lucellus Vann, Joel Bryan Mayes, and Charles Holt Campbell. Vann graduated from the Male Seminary that year and went to school at Rochester, New York, where he soon became ill. He left for home but died en route at Springfield, Missouri, in the spring of 1856. 1 Mayes was destined for a prominent role in Cherokee affairs. After graduation in 1855, he taught school for two years and then ranched until the Civil War, during which he served in the Confederate Army. After the war he held several prominent posts in the Cherokee government, including chief justice of the Supreme Court and principal chief, to which office he was twice elected. 2 Charles Holt Campbell also graduated from the seminary in 1855. He became a Methodist minister and a schoolteacher. 3

The editors for 1856--Richard J. Ross, James Franklin Thompson, and Albert Barnes--were likewise an able group. Thompson later attended Cane Hill College in Arkansas and then Cumberland College at Lebanon, Tennessee, from which he graduated in 1861. After the Civil War, in which he fought for the Confederacy, he taught in the Cherokee public schools and at the Male Seminary and was superintendent of the Female Seminary, Asbury Manual Labor School at Eufaula, Creek Nation, and the Cherokee Orphan Asylum. 4 Barnes entered Dartmouth College in 1857 and graduated in 1861. He, too, became a Cherokee educator, serving as superintendent of schools in 1863, and held political office including clerk positions on district and circuit courts and, in 1873 and 1875, his nation's delegate to the Okmulgee Council. 5

The paper that these students published had much in common with A Wreath of Cherokee Rose Buds,* published at the Female Seminary. Their motto was "Truth, Justice, Freedom of Speech, and Cherokee Improvement." Although the paper contained some chatty school items and local and Cherokee national news of general interest, its content for the most part was original essays and poetry by students and former students. The subject of the essays ranged from the past and present condition of the Cherokees to honor, nature, and courage.

Since only two issues are known to exist, how long the publication continued is uncertain. Because of a lack of funds, the Male Seminary closed on October 20, 1856, and did not reopen until several years after the Civil War. The July 31, 1856, issue was apparently the last.


Notes
1.
The Sequoyah Memorial, July 31, 1856.
2.
Born in Georgia on October 2, 1833, Mayes was the son of Samuel and Nancy Mayes. He died while serving as chief on December 14, 1891. John Bartlett Meserve, "The Mayes," Chronicles of Oklahoma, 15 ( March, 1937), 58-62.
3.
Emmet Starr, History of the Cherokee Indians and Their Legends and Folk Lore ( Oklahoma City: Warden Company, 1921), 239. Campbell died in Illinois District, Cherokee Nation, in 1872, at the age of forty-one. The Cherokee Advocate, August 23, 1872.
4.
Thompson was born at Beattie's Prairie, Cherokee Nation, on May 21, 1841, the son of James Allen and Martha (Lynch) Thompson. Besides his involvement in education, he held governmental posts as national auditor ( 1869-1871) and delegate to Washington

-338-

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American Indian and Alaska Native Newspapers and Periodicals, 1826-1924 - Vol. 1
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface vii
  • Introduction xi
  • Conclusion xxxi
  • GUIDE TO INFORMATION SOURCES IN THE ENTRIES xxxiii
  • A 3
  • Note 4
  • Note 5
  • Note 6
  • Note 9
  • Notes 18
  • Note 20
  • Note 23
  • Notes 27
  • Notes 30
  • Notes 32
  • Notes 34
  • Note 37
  • B 39
  • Notes 40
  • Notes 42
  • Note 43
  • C 47
  • Notes 49
  • Note 51
  • Note 55
  • Notes 58
  • Notes 73
  • Notes 79
  • Notes 81
  • Note 82
  • Notes 84
  • Notes 91
  • Notes 94
  • Notes 97
  • Note 98
  • Notes 102
  • Notes 103
  • Notes 104
  • Notes 107
  • Note 109
  • Note 111
  • Notes 116
  • Notes 120
  • D 123
  • Notes 124
  • Notes 125
  • Notes 127
  • Notes 131
  • E 133
  • Notes 134
  • F 137
  • Notes 138
  • G 141
  • Notes 141
  • H 143
  • Note 143
  • Notes 147
  • I 151
  • Notes 162
  • Note 167
  • Notes 168
  • Note 170
  • Notes 171
  • Note 172
  • Note 173
  • Notes 176
  • Note 180
  • Note 185
  • Notes 189
  • Notes 195
  • Notes 200
  • Notes 204
  • Note 209
  • Notes 213
  • Notes 216
  • Note 219
  • Notes 220
  • Notes 224
  • Notes 229
  • Notes 231
  • Note 234
  • Notes 241
  • Notes 245
  • L 247
  • M 249
  • Note 250
  • Note 251
  • Note 255
  • Note 256
  • Note 259
  • Note 260
  • Note 263
  • Notes 264
  • Notes 266
  • N 267
  • Notes 269
  • Notes 270
  • Note 273
  • Notes 277
  • O 279
  • Note 289
  • Notes 292
  • Notes 295
  • P 297
  • Notes 300
  • Notes 301
  • Notes 303
  • Q 305
  • Note 306
  • Note 307
  • R 309
  • Note 312
  • Notes 316
  • Notes 320
  • Notes 325
  • S 327
  • Note 328
  • Notes 329
  • Notes 330
  • Notes 332
  • Note 334
  • Note 335
  • Notes 337
  • Notes 338
  • Note 340
  • Note 343
  • Notes 346
  • Notes 347
  • Note 349
  • Notes 352
  • T 355
  • Notes 356
  • Note 361
  • Note 363
  • Notes 369
  • V 371
  • Notes 372
  • Notes 375
  • Note 377
  • W 379
  • Notes 380
  • Notes 382
  • Notes 384
  • Note 386
  • Notes 389
  • Notes 394
  • Notes 398
  • Notes 399
  • Note 402
  • Note 406
  • Notes 407
  • Y 409
  • SUPPLEMENTAL LIST OF TITLES 411
  • APPENDIX A LIST OF TITLES BY CHRONOLOGY 425
  • APPENDIX B LIST OF TITLES BY LOCATION 431
  • APPENDIX C LIST OF TITLES BY TRIBAL AFFILIATION OR EMPHASIS 439
  • Index 447
  • About the Authors 483
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