THE TAHLEQUAH ARROW. See CHEROKEE COUNTY DEMOCRAT
The Tahlequah Courier began publication in June, 1893, at Tahlequah, Cherokee Nation, as the successor to the Indian Sentinel,* which apparently suspended publication. 1 It was a four-page, eight-column weekly newspaper that was probably published only in the last half of 1893.
John Lynch Adair, Sr., a Cherokee, was editor, and Waddie Hudson, a white man, was the publisher. Born on April 12, 1828, Adair had been educated in a Moravian mission school and through private tutelage. He had worked in the California gold fields from 1849 to 1853, fought for the, Confederacy during the Civil War, and, after the war, served the Cherokee Nation in several capacities, including national auditor, clerk of the Cherokee Senate, executive councilor, and delegate to Washington. He had considerable newspaper experience, having edited The Cherokee Advocate,* the Indian Chieftain,* and the Vinita World.* Hudson, born in Marshall County, Mississippi, on December 12, 1865, had worked as foreman of the Daily Tribune in Fort Smith, Arkansas, before going to Tahlequah in 1888. In 1889 he had edited The Indian Arrow* and in 1891 had become its owner. 2
As the self-proclaimed successor to the Indian Sentinel, the Tahlequah Courier was also styled the "official organ" of the Downing Party in Cherokee politics. It maintained the basic format and content of the Sentinel: liberal advertisement