was not independent but fiercely Democratic and anti-Radical Republican during the Reconstruction period. Finally, the paper contained occasional long articles written by John F. Wheeler on Cherokee history.
John F. Wheeler died on March 10, 1880, and John C. Wheeler owned and edited the newspaper until his death on the following July 3. The Independent then became the property of E. B. Bright, who edited it until October, when he sold it to J. F. Weaver and J. E. Breitz. In May, 1883, Breitz sold his share to E. C. Johnson, editor of the True Democrat at Little Rock. The two papers were combined, and the Independent ceased publication on June 6, 1883.
Bibliography: Fred W. Allsopp, History of the Arkansas Press for a Hundred Years and More ( Little Rock: Parke-Harper Publishing Company, 1922); John A. Hudson and Robert L. Peterson, "Arkansas Newspapers in the University of Texas Collection,''" Arkansas Historical Quarterly, 14 (Autumn, 1955), 207-244
Index Sources: None
Location Sources: Gregory; Hudson and Peterson
Title and Title Changes: Western Independent ( 1872- 1877); Wheelers' Western Independent ( 1878- 1883); Wheelers' Independent ( 1879- 1883)
Volume and Issue Data: Western Independent (Vol. 1, No. 1, January 11, 1872--Vol. 6, No. 50, October 24, 1877); Wheelers' Western Independent (Vol. 7, No. 1, October 31, 1877--Vol. 8, No. 10, December 25, 1878); Wheelers' Independent (Vol. 8, No. 11, January 1, 1879--Vol. 12, No. 39, June 6, 1883)
Publisher and Place of Publication: John F. Wheeler and John Carnall ( 1872), John F. Wheeler and John C. Wheeler ( 1872-1880), E. B. Bright ( 1880), J. F. Weaver and J. E. Breitz ( 1880-1883), Fort Smith, Arkansas
Editor: John F. Wheeler and John Carnall ( 1872); John F. Wheeler and John C. Wheeler ( 1872- 1880); E. B. Bright ( 1880); J. F. Weaver and J. E. Breitz ( 1880- 1883)
WHEELERS' WESTERN INDEPENDENT . SeeWHEELERS' INDEPENDENT
THE WIDE WEST . See THE OKLAHOMA MAGAZINE
THE WIDE WEST OSAGE MAGAZINE . See THE OKLAHOMA MAGAZINE
The Winnebago Chieftain was established at Winnebago, Nebraska, in 1907 by Roy Dorsey Stabler, a fullblood Omaha. Stabler graduated from Hampton