Cognitive Ergonomics and Intelligent Systems in the Automobile
Guy Labiale Université Paul Valéry, Montpellier, France
The objective of this chapter is, on the one hand, to present certain categories of adaptable and intelligent systems likely to be introduced in the driving compartment by describing in particular the functions and architectures of an intelligent interface and, on the other hand, to outline consideration on certain problems related to cognitive ergonomics.
New electronic and computerized systems for handling information, communication, and automatic control are currently being developed and introduced into the driving compartment. The aim is to provide the driver with better information and assist in making the driving task more comfortable, more efficient, and safer. Among these systems are navigation and route guidance, traffic information (traffic conditions, traffic incidents, etc.) and perturbations due to the weather (slippery road, drifting snow, etc.), speed regulation and obstacle detection (AICC: Autonomous Intelligent Cruise Control), in-vehicle warning (engine problems, underinflated tires, etc.) and maintenance, cellular telephone, and motorist information systems (parking lots, hotels, weather information, etc.).
Until now, the addition of installations has consisted of juxtaposing these different systems on the dashboard (the addition of several displays and commands to those already on the traditional instrument panel), which risks making the driving compartment look dangerously like the cockpit of an aircraft. The task of driving an automobile consists of a number of complex tasks and subtasks that include controlling trajectory, avoiding obstacles, controlling the vehicle's drive line, reading road signs