Books, book chapters, articles, interviews, letters, films, commentaries for radio and television broadcasts, sources from the National Library of Canada (NLC), and so on are cited in short form in footnotes; a full citation for each item is given in the bibliography. Where an author's name alone is given in a footnote, only one item by that author appears in the bibliography; where no author's name is given, the author is Glenn Gould. All individual items under Gould's name--published and unpublished, titled and untitled, written and spoken--are listed chronologically by original date of writing (the original date is given in brackets where it differs from the date of publication or broadcast); published collections of Gould writings, however, are listed by publication date. With unpublished writings, a note on its nature and provenance is included. Gould writings that appear in The Glenn Gould Reader and other published collections are cited as such and are not listed separately, though original dates and sources may be given in the text or footnotes where relevant; writings by other authors published in collections are, however, cited separately. Interviews with Gould published in print or as recordings, including those later interviews which he alone scripted, are listed under the name of the interviewer. Recorded or broadcast texts never published in written form, and so not paginated, are cited only generally.
The bibliography includes only items cited in the text and footnotes, in the particular versions, translations, and editions used; it is not a complete list of the sources I consulted in writing this book, nor is it intended as a general Gould bibliography. (Such bibliographies are available in Angilette, 197-218; Canning, 215-20; Friedrich, 422-6; Matheis, 123-32; Payzant, GGMM158, 173-5; Payzantet al, 543-5; Stegemann, 417-36; the NLC's Descriptive Catalogue, 13-50, 223-53; and the collection Glenn Gould: Variations, 307-9.) The bibliography does not include Gould's compositions, arrangements, and sketches, or the videotapes, acetate discs, and annotated scores and books in the NLC.
Sources in languages other than English are quoted in the text in my own English translation; the original quote appears in a footnote. Among these sources are some Gould writings and interviews that appeared in print only in translation, and for which the original English text no longer exists or was not available to me.
When quoting from Gould's letters and drafts, and from unpublished sources in the NLC, I occasionally standardize spelling, punctuation, and capitalization, where Gould's errors in these respects are not pertinent.
This book makes constant reference to pieces of music and to Gould performances, and a musical example or CD excerpt could not be included for every such reference; to make complete use of the book, therefore, the reader should have access to relevant scores and Gould recordings. I have tried to limit musical examples to those cases in which graphic representation of a Gould performance is required to make a point. In examples showing