Labor Market Politics and the Great War: The Department of Labor, the States, and the First U.S. Employment Service, 1907-1933

By William J. Breen | Go to book overview

CHAPTER EIGHT
The Midwest and South

During the first half of 1918, as the national labor market slowly contracted, the Midwest and the South both began to recognize the need for a defensive strategy in their relations with Washington. With the exceptions of Illinois and Ohio, both regions were still heavily agricultural and contained significant pools of labor that could be used to meet the national emergency. The heavily industrialized Northeast had attracted the bulk of the war contracts which had created in that region both an insatiable demand for labor and an attractive, high-wage structure. By the summer of 1918, both the Midwest and the South had become very concerned that the wartime migration of their labor to supply eastern industrial plants would have very significant, immediate, and long-term effects on their own economies and were seeking ways to minimize that impact. This created obvious problems for the USES.

The administrative situation facing the USES in the two regions was very different. In the Midwest, unlike the South, the Department of Labor had to negotiate with state governments that were already deeply involved in employment activities. When the United States entered the war, the Midwest was probably the most advanced region in the country in terms of the sophistication of its state-funded employment offices. Wisconsin, Ohio, and Illinois had set the pace in the immediate prewar period. In particular, Ohio, under Fred Croxton's guidance, had created an exemplary public employment system out of the old state offices in 194-15, and had then dramatically expanded and further improved the system immediately after the American declaration of war. During 1917, the Ohio system was one of the largest and undoubtedly the most sophisticated in the country.1

-121-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Labor Market Politics and the Great War: The Department of Labor, the States, and the First U.S. Employment Service, 1907-1933
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 238

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.