THE EXPANSION OF ARMAMENT: THE NEW AGENCIES OF WAR
The Tank: The Livens Gas Projector: Sound-Ranging: The Trench Helmet: Body Armour: The Gas Mask: Carbon: Chemical Munitions: Explosives: The New Chemical Agencies
There is no fixed line of distinction between normal armament and those weapons which are now referred to as the new agencies of war, but there are periods in the history of the world and of its armament when a new weapon may emerge so sharply as to create a new class, a fundamental step in advance of the past. Such a situation was reached when explosives appeared, and one would expect it to recur if at any time armament development reached a peak of activity at the crest of a wave of scientific progress. This would occur, and did do so, when a great war arose in the full flood of our modern scientific era, and we have at the present time the most complete example of this combination in the history of the world.
In the last chapter some characteristics of the production of normal armament were dealt with, and in this I want to discuss the new agencies of war from the same point of view, including in that class some weapons which might be regarded as normal armament, but possessing very novel features, embodying in a marked degree recent applications of modern science. I propose to work from these types, such as the tank, to the more orthodox new agency--chemical warfare. As I cannot assume that all my readers will be acquainted with the details of these new weapons and appliances, it would be wise to allow me to digress here and there, and as shortly as possible describe essential features.
There has been much confusion as to the origin of this most interesting and important weapon. The situation becomes much clearer as soon as we distinguish between the claims to the technical as contrasted with the military initiative. Technically,