ESSENTIAL PRINCIPLES OF DISARMAMENT
General Considerations : Quantity and Type : The Time Factor : The Possibility of Effective Disarmament : Total Disarmament : The Safety Level : The Danger Level
The subject of technical disarmament is closely associated with the study of armament. A complete investigation of the latter being impracticable, the last two chapters have exposed certain armament facts, chosen for their special bearing on disarmament. These mainly relate to expansion, but they also touch on arms development, and the necessary background of evidence for this aspect of the subject is consolidated in a later chapter when dealing with the new agencies of war. We now approach the question of a rational disarmament framework, general principles, reasoned standards on which practical proposals can be based, or against which they can be measured. In other words, we prepare to examine applied disarmament.
The latter brings in all kinds of interesting questions. What is the position of the private armament industry? What forms of armament should be limited and controlled? May other forms be left unrestricted? But these questions, and many others which we shall discuss, must be left for the moment, until We have dealt with certain broader matters of principle upon which the answers will largely depend.
It will be seen in the chapters which follow that constructive measures do actually emerge from this type of treatment, and they may appear so sound in theory and so desirable that I hasten to remove any suggestion of urging blind adherence as the only means of practical progress. Many measures which have been, or may be, proposed officially, may well partially deny some rational conclusion which our treatment may establish, but it might be in the highest degree harmful to discredit or renounce them for this reason alone. We fully know that the structure of