APPLIED DISARMAMENT: THE NEW AGENCIES OF WAR
The Fallacy of "Discoveries" : The Prohibition of Use in War : Prohibition of Preparation : The Graded Stages of Development : The Research Stage : The Private Investigator : The Scientist's Dilemma : The Scope of the Problem : The Attitude of Science : A Practical Step : The Freak Invention : The Intermediate Stage : Official Half-Scale Work : Private Half-Scale Work : The Defensive Type : Large-Scale Work : Existing New Agencies
Disarmament theory in relation to the new agencies is concerned only with weapons which are still unborn; but in application there is another very important aspect to be considered. There are certain weapons of very recent origin, which must be classed as new agencies, but whose arrival and growth, during the war and after-years, present a specific problem. Thus, if a means can be found to check the military application and use of entirely new discoveries in the future, it does not follow that it will apply to the new agencies which received partial development in the recent war, and since. The simplest way to deal with this subject is to consider disarmament in relation to future new agencies, and then to examine what special steps are involved in dealing with those which have already arisen, and are even now growing to maturity.
A discovery is not a weapon, although it may eventually produce one. Disarmament advocates are liable to have such a limited conception of a new weapon, and be so alarmed by it, as to urge panic measures. These damage disarmament. Examining what has been said and written on this subject since the war, one gets the idea that the new agencies have been regarded as a kind of spontaneous outbreak, a series of uncontrollable brainwaves, cropping up in the same unsuspected manner as an epidemic of disease. This limited conception has plainly governed the nature of official action on chemical disarmament up to the present, and no doubt largely explains why the broad problem of the development of armament type has been neglected. The