Communication: A Philosophical Study of Language

By Karl Britton | Go to book overview

CONTENTS
CHAP. PAGE
PREFACExv
I. THE USES OF LANGUAGE1

(§ 1) Informative and Emotive uses of language distinguished by Aristotle, 1. (2) Communications of various kinds; this book is about communication by means of a system of conventional signs, properly used, 2. (3) Informative sentences suggest possible future experiences to those who understand them, 4. (4) Propositions alleged to be necessary: synthetic and analytic, 7. (5) Propositions of the Moralist, 8: the theory that they are wholly subjective and/or emotive, 9. (6) Poetry illustrates the dynamic use of words, and the emotive meanings of words, 10. (7) How far is the sense of words important in poetry? 13. (8) The Behaviouristic approach to Communication, 14; theory of Dr. Neurath on 'reports', 15. (9) Objections to a purely behaviouristic account, 16. (10) Questions to be discussed, 17.

II. THREE MEANINGS OF MEANING18

(§ 1) Statements mean 'thoughts'--what are they? 18. Thoughts that claim intellectual assent and thoughts claiming only emotional acceptance, 19; arousing and expressing emotions, 20. (2) Illustrations of 'thoughts': behaviour, images, and 'ideas', 21. Terminology of this book introduced, 23. (3) Reference and Belief: temporal stages, 24. (4) Explaining 'meanings' in two senses, 27. (5) The Referent, 29. (6) Significance: do signs have significance for others? 30. (7)--Like their significance for me? 32. (8) Three senses of 'Meaning', 34. The Regulative Symbolic Definition, 35. (9) Formal Signs, 38. (10) Can I understand propositions not about me? 39.

III. THE THEORY OF CONTINGENT PROPOSITIONS (PART 1)41

(§ 1) Two types of sentence distinguished, 41. Both are certified by immediate experience, 42. (2) Type 1 refers to sense-observations of 'Normal' people, 42. Definition of 'perception' and of 'normal observer', 44. Use of testimony in verifying physical-object propositions, 45. Description of type 1, 46. (3) Type 2 suggest

-ix-

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