STEAMSHIP GOLDEN AGE, Pacific Ocean, Sept. 9. 1859.
THROUGH my overland journey is ended, some facts gathered in its last stages remain to be noted. They relate exclusively to the moral and intellectual wellbeing and prospects of the golden state.
The last State Register gives a tabular view of religious denominations, making two hundred and sixteen Christian, and five Jewish congregations in the state, with two hundred and eighty-nine Christian, and three Hebrew clergymen. Of the Christian, one hundred and thirty-three--nearly one half--are Methodists, and seventy-one--nearly one-fourth--are Roman Catholics. I hear from different quarters that the Methodists and Catholics manifest generally far more energy and vitality than the other churches. The Catholics enjoy certain marked advantages over all others. Theirs is the church of the old Californians--that is, of the Spanish- Mexican population without exception--also a part of the Indians. The Catholic inhabitants are estimated to exceed one hundred thousand. But the old church is strong in position and wealth, as well as numbers. Much of the most valuable land in the state was long since conceded by Spanish or Mexican officials to the Catholic missions; and, though a good deal of this has