Continuity and Change in Rural Russia: A Geographical Perspective

By Grigory Ioffe; Tatyana Nefedova | Go to book overview
Figure 11.13 Profitability of Socialized Farms in the District of Yaroslavl: Percentage Ratio of Revenues-Minus-Costs to Costs ( 1994).1: 0%-157%; 2: minus 20% - 0%; 3: minus 35% - minus 20%; 4: minus 50% - minus 35%; 5: minus 85% - minus 50%; 6-8: Non-agricultural land, including 6: Built-up areas, 7: Forests; and 8: Lake.

Whereas in the district of Yaroslavl, the size of farms is positively related to their economic performance (as larger farms with 300-500 employees fare better), the situation is opposite in the periphery, where smaller farms (less than 100 employees) seem to have a higher potential for survival.

The following six chapters address problematic and other issues that we have not given sufficient attention thus far in this book, but without which any account of the current situation in the russian countryside would be far from complete.


Notes
1.
Figures 11.1-11.7 and 11.9-11.12 are based on current data gathered by the authors from the Yaroslavl Bureau of Provincial Statistics.
2.
Demographic Yearbook of the Russian Federation. Moscow: Goskomstat 1994, p. 19.
3.
Ibid., p. 406.
4.
Ioffe G.V. Selskoie Khoziaistvo Niechernozemia: Territorialnye Problemy. Moscow: Nauka 1990, p. 80.
5.
Ibid., p. 80.
6.
Gurevich M.B. Differentsiatsia Typov Khoziaistva Yarostavskoi Gubernii. Yaroslavl: Statisticheskoie Otdelenie Yaroslavskoi Gubernii 1915.

-257-

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Continuity and Change in Rural Russia: A Geographical Perspective
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Acknowledgments vii
  • In Place of an Introduction 1
  • Notes 15
  • 1 - Historical Construction of Russia's Inter-Urban Space 18
  • Notes 34
  • 2 - Russian Agriculture Early in the 20th Century: Social Peculiarities and Spatial Distinctions 37
  • 3 - The Evolution of Russian Agriculture, 1960-1990: Organization and Management Priorities 70
  • 4 - Agricultural Output and Production Factors Prior to the 1990s 87
  • Notes 115
  • 5 - Rural Population Change in 1959-1989 and Rural Infrastructure 117
  • Notes 136
  • 6 - Crisis and Reform in the 1990s: The Economic Aspect 138
  • Notes 174
  • 7 - Crisis and Reform in the 1990s: Social Implications 177
  • Summary 191
  • 8 - The Chernozem Countryside 196
  • Notes 208
  • 9 - The Province of Belgorod 209
  • Notes 221
  • 10 - The Non-Chernozem Zone 222
  • 11 - The Province of Yaroslavl 240
  • Notes 257
  • 12 - Polarization of the Rural Activity Space 258
  • 13 - Urbanites in the Countryside 266
  • Notes 278
  • 14 - Re-Settlers: A New Diaspora? 279
  • Notes 287
  • 15 - Disappearing Crops: A Case Study of Flax in the Province of Kostroma 288
  • Notes 296
  • 16 - Large Mechanized Farms 297
  • Notes 303
  • Conclusion 304
  • Notes 308
  • About the Book and Authors 309
  • Index 311
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