The Troubled Crusade: American Education, 1945-1980

By Diane Ravitch | Go to book overview

NOTES

Introduction
1.
Thomas Jefferson, "'To George Wythe," Crusade Against Ignorance. Thomas Jefferson on Education, ed. Gordon C. Lee ( New York: Teachers College Press, 1961), pp. 99-100.

Chapter 1: Postwar Initiatives
1.
"U.S. Congress, Senate, Committee on Education and Labor", Federal Aid for Education, 79th Cong., 1st sess., 1945, pp. 118-21.
5.
New York Times, February 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 17, 18, 19, 21, 1947. See also Benjamin Fine , Our Children Are Cheated. The Crisis in American Education ( New York: Henry Holt, 1947).
6.
Ben J. Wattenberg, ed., The Statistical History of the United States: From Colonial Times to the Present ( New York: Basic Books, 1976), pp. 368-89; Central Education in a Free Soceity: Report of the Harvard Committee ( Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1945), p. 7.
7.
General Education in a Free Society, pp. 14, 80-81, 96-99.
8.
Wattenberg Statistical History, p. 379.
9.
Davis R. B. Ross, Preparing for Ulysses: Politics and Veterans During World War II ( New York: Columbia University Press, 1969).
10.
James B. Conant, "Annual Report of the President of the University," Harvard Alumni Bulletin 47 ( February 3, 1945), cited in Keith W. Olson, "The G.I. Bill and Higher Education: Success and Surprise," American Quarterly 25 ( December 1973):604; Robert M. Hutchins, "The Threat to American Education," Collier's, December 30, 1944, pp. 20-21.
11.
"The GI Bill: In 10 Years, 8 million," Newsweek, October 4, 1954, pp. 88-91; "Beginning of the End," Time, July 30, 1951, p. 58; Olson, "The G.I. Bill and Higher Education," p. 608.
12.
"The Class of '49,'" Fortune, June 1949, p. 84; Olson, "The G.I. Bill and Higher Education," p. 604; Byron H. Atkinson, "Veteran vs. Non-Veteran Performance at U.C.L.A.," journal of Educational Research 43 ( December 1949): 299-302.
13.
Keith W. Olson, The G.L. Bill, the Veterans, and the College ( Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1974), pp. 43-48; Sidney A. Burrell, "The G.I. Bill and the Great American Transformation, 1945-1967," Boston University Graduate Journal 15 ( Spring 1967):3.
14.
Newsweek, October 4, 1954, p. 91.
15.
Higher Education for American Democracy: A Report of the President's Commission on Higher Education, 5 vols. ( New York: Harper & Bros., 1948), 1:14-23, 27-36, 39-41; 2:25-40.
17.
New York Times, December 21, 1947; "Revolution on the Campus," Life, February 2, 1948, p. 24.
18.
For a sampling of the criticism of and support for the report, see Gail Kennedy, ed., Education for Democracy: The Debate over the Report of the President's Commission on Higher Education ( Lexington, Mass.: D. C. Heath, 1952).

-331-

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The Troubled Crusade: American Education, 1945-1980
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Acknowledgments ix
  • Introduction xi
  • Chapter 1 - Postwar Initiatives 3
  • Chapter 2 - The Rise and Fall of Progressive Education 43
  • Chapter 3 - Loyalty Investigations 81
  • Chapter 4 - Race and Education: The Brown Decision 114
  • Chapter 5 - Race and Education: Social Science and Law 145
  • Chapter 6 - From Berkeley to Kent State 182
  • Chapter 7 - Reformers, Radicals, and Romantics 228
  • Chapter 8 - The New Politics of Education 267
  • Epilogue: - From 1945 to 1980 321
  • Notes 331
  • A NOTE ON SOURCES 357
  • Index 372
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