My debt of gratitude must be expressed to those listed among the authors in the bibliography, the names one associates with the study of European integration (including, in an all-too-incomplete list, Balassa, Cairncross, Coffey, Kreinin, Lipsey, Machlup, Myrdal, McKinnon, and Swann). In addition, the consistently fine reporting of the Economist and the Wall Street Journal proved invaluable. More personal acknowledgments and thanks go to J. Robert Schaetzel, retired United States ambassador to the European Community; Niels Gottlieb Larsen, former official of the European Parliament and presently associate director of studies at Denmark's International Study Program (DIS) at the University of Copenhagen; Denis Corboy, of the EC Commission Delegation in Washington; and Ted Haner, president of Business Environment Risk Information, s.a. Many of the faculty at Whittier College, and the students in my classes who worked with earlier drafts of the book, deserve thanks as well. Finally, for consistent support in so many ways, I would like to thank my wife, Patti.