The Economic Principles of European Integration

By Stephen Frank Overturf | Go to book overview

CHAPTER 2
Community Institutions

Since 1967 the major institutions of the EEC, and ECSC, and Euratom have been merged into the EC Commission, Council of Ministers, European Parliament (Assembly), and Court of Justice.


INSTITUTIONS

The main executive arm of the EC is the Commission. It consists of fourteen members, with two representatives each from France, West Germany, Italy, Spain and Britain, and one each from Belgium, Denmark, Greece, Ireland, Luxembourg, Portugal and the Netherlands. The presidency is a two-year term, with extension possible. Although allocated from member states, the commissioners, once appointed, are supposed to cease taking instructions from their governments and become "European." There is in this a flavor of the old High Authority of the ECSC, which was, of course, the Commission's immediate predecessor. The intended autonomy is reinforced even further by not allowing the (frankly governmental) Council to remove commissioners from office.

In addition to the commissioners, there are a number of directorates-general for various functions served by the Commission, including, for example, external relations, economic and financial affairs, and industry and technology. There are also various specialized services, including the secretariat-general, legal service, statistical office, administration of the customs union, official publications office, and so on.

The role of the Commission was intended to be that of a driving force behind the Community. It was to administer the treaties and

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The Economic Principles of European Integration
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface xi
  • Acknowledgments xiii
  • Chapter 1 History of European Economic Integration 1
  • Chapter 2 Community Institutions 15
  • Chapter3 Customs Union Theory 21
  • Chapter 4 Factor Mobility and Tax Harmonization 35
  • Chapter 5 Monetary Union 46
  • Conclusion 59
  • Chapter 6 Industrial Policy 61
  • Chapter 7 Common Agricultural Policy 75
  • Conclusion 87
  • Chapter 8 Trade Relations: Developing Countries 89
  • Conclusion 101
  • Chapter 9 Trade Relations: More Developed Countries 102
  • Chapter 10 Regional Policy 118
  • Chapter 11 Social Policy 134
  • Conclusion 144
  • Appendix Treaty Establishing the European Economic Community 147
  • Bibliography 167
  • Index 169
  • About the Author 173
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