Lastly, there is a need for continuing research on effective practice regarding education of deaf and hard of hearing students. Ramsey's ( 1997) observational study of a mainstream and separate class for deaf students details the social and linguistic communities that develop in school contexts and the impact of these contexts on deaf students. Prolonged and close study of how support services are implemented in a dynamic and complex setting such as a schoolroom is critical to understanding the limits as well as the potential of these services. Much of what has been completed to date focuses on the challenges to academic and social development that deaf students face in various kinds of school settings. However, we know very little about how to improve these experiences and how to resolve the problems. This is the task that researchers must now address.
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