Third Party Movements during the Campaign of 1880
D emocrats and Republicans were not the only ones holding conventions in that June of 1880. Three other parties, the Greenbackers, the Prohibitionists, and the Anti-Masons, assembled to select candidates for the presidency of the United States. On June 9 the Greenbackers convened at Chicago in Exposition Hall, where only the day before Garfield had been chosen as the standard-bearer of the Republican party.
They remained in session from Wednesday morning, June 9, until Friday morning, June 11. It seemed to be a year for generals, and General Butler, at the time a Republican, was most generally thought to be the logical choice of the Greenback party.1 The Republicans had given Butler some financial support in his unsuccessful efforts to achieve the governorship of Massachusetts in November 1879.2 But by May 1880 Butler was evidently planning to align himself with the Democratic____________________