CANADA UNDER THE COMPANY OF MONTMORENCY
Montmorency succeeds Condé. The forming of the Company of Montmorency with the de Caëns. Conclusion of an Iroquois peace. Complaints of the inhabitants of Quebec and of Father Le Baillif, their deputy. Arrival of the Jesuits. War between the Iroquois and the allied natives. The company neglects the peopling of the colony. The fur trade their sole concern. The work of the Récollets, seminary and missions. Evangelization and missions of the Jesuits. Moral and material problems of the apostolic mission.
In October 1619, Condé was released from the Bastille, resumed the viceroyalty, and again received his 1000-crown subsidy, of which he gave 500 to the Récollets at Quebec for their seminary. Thereupon, through the mediation of the Intendant of the Admiralty, M. de Villemenon, who desired to promote the expansion of the colony, he agreed to cede his viceregal office for the sum of 11,000 crowns to the Duc de Montmorency, Admiral of France, who duly received this appointment from the Crown on February 25, 1620. The Admiral made haste to appoint Champlain his Lieutenant under the terms of a commission dated March 12, a post which carried with it fullest authority throughout the country. Furthermore, advocate Jean-Jacques Dolu, the head of the King's audiences and a man deeply devoted to promoting the progress of the faith without forgetting personal gain, was made Intendant of the colony. The associates, much vexed by this arrangement, raised some objections to giving the command to Champlain, but the new Viceroy gave them clearly to understand that the latter was to enjoy absolute command and that their own powers were limited to conducting the fur trade and maintaining their store at Quebec. In addition, on May 7, 1620, Louis XIII