RIVALRY AND ARMED CLASH BETWEEN LA TOUR AND D'AULNAY
La Tour, the trader, opposed to d'Aulnay, the nation- builder. Absurd frontiers drawn to their territories. La Tour commits aggression. The King revokes his commission. D'Aulnay lays siege to St. John. La Tour and the English attack Port Royal. Madame de La Tour's activities. D'Aulnay captures St. John. La Tour flees to Quebec. Acadia ceded to d'Aulnay as hereditary fief. His usurpations by force. D'Aulnay at work: trade, fisheries, farming, gospel missions. His sudden death.
Before he died, Razilly entrusted the control of his settlement to his cousin and Lieutenant, Aulnay de Charnisay. Acadia now passed into the hands of two men. The first, Charles de La Tour, held a lieutenancy-general over Fort St. Louis, which he owned, and over Fort St. John. The second, Charles d'Aulnay, had received from King Louis XIII a commission as "Governor in New France" and as "Lieutenant-General in the country and coast of Acadia." He represented, furthermore, the Razilly-Launay Company that owned La Have and Port Royal. Both La Tour and d'Aulnay were answerable to the Company of New France, proprietor of the country, for the monopoly over furs and subject to the authority of the King, while the Crown reserved the right to appoint the lieutenants-general in the country upon the company's submitting names of its candidates for these high offices. The two lieutenants-general must settle Acadia; the company allowed half the trade to be shared between them, to provide the two commanders with the finances needed to recruit and settle immigrants. The other fifty per cent of the trade remained with the company.1
D'Aulnay's first act was to move the colony at La Have to the fertile lands around Port Royal, already partially tilled by Pou-