HUDSON HOAGLAND Ph.D.
President, The American Academy of Arts and Sciences
ON BEHALF of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences it is a pleasure to welcome you to this Seminar on Fertility and Population Problems. These meetings have been planned by a committee made up of Dr. Roy O. Greep, chairman, Drs. Lewis Engel, Celso-Ramón García, Oscar Harkavy, Gregory Pincus, John Rock, John Wyon, and myself, and we are indebted to the Ford Foundation for a grant to the Academy that has made it possible for us to be here.
The field of the physiology of fertility and its control has been a curiously neglected one compared to other branches of the medical sciences. This is reflected, for example, by expenditures of the National Institutes of Health of trivial sums for research compared to other branches of the medical sciences. Thus, in 1961, only about $6 million was spent in the United States, of which more than half was from pharmaceutical laboratories for development work, and only $1.3 million by the National Institutes of Health for basic research. The contrast between the $1.3 million spent on research relevant to fertility control to the $880 million spent by this agency at the same time on death control is a sad commentary on one of the most serious diseases