Freud: A Critical Re-Evaluation of His Theories

By Reuben D. Fine | Go to book overview
oration of the earlier ideas, lasting from 1914 until his death in 1939. While there is naturally a great deal of overlap among these stages in the development of Freud's thought, it is helpful to get a bird'seye view of his life's work and to fit individual ideas into this broad scheme.

NOTES ON CHAPTER I

The only adequate biography of Freud in any language is the monumental three-volume work by Ernest Jones: The Life and Work of Sigmund Freud ( New York: Basic Books, 1953-1957). A one-volume abridgment by Trilling and Marcus was issued in 1961. Other biographies, such as H. W. Puner: Freud: His Life and Mind ( New York: Grosset and Dunlap, 1947), are poorly informed and badly documented. Much of the literature on Freud's life rests upon unsubstantiated speculations and statements which have led to the grossest misunderstandings.

For the general intellectual background a number of excellent texts are available. The most scholarly is J. H. Randall: The Making of the Modern Mind ( Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1940). A stimulating intellectual history of ideas from Leonardo to Hegel is J. Bronowski and B. Mazlish: The Western Intellectual Tradition ( New York: Harper and Bros., 1960). A personal interpretation by one of the leading philosophers of our time is Bertrand Russell: A History of Western Philosophy ( New York: Simon and Schuster, 1945). Unfortunately no standard historical work displays any real understanding of the full significance in the history of thought of Freud and psychoanalysis. For a reflective psychoanalytical appraisal of the historical process, see especially two books by Franz Alexander: Our Age of Unreason ( Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1942), and The Western Mind in Transition: An Eyewitness Story ( New York: Random House, 1960).

For the psychological material the standard text is G. Murphy: Historical Introduction to Modern Psychology ( New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1949). For the psychiatric history, see G. Zilboorg: A History of Medical Psychology ( New York: Norton, 1941).

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