|5insuring my life for a thousand pounds: throughout the novel specific incomes, legacies, and costs are noted. Dr Madden leaves only £800 in total for all his daughters. The women earn between £10 and £15 a year. Micklethwaite earns £150 a year as a lecturer, Barfoot has unearned income of £450 a year and thinks it only enough for a single man to live on. Widdowson tells of a property speculator's annual rents increasing from £40 to £790.|
|6the title of lady: an ill-defined term at this time which suggests that the
individual is not a working-class 'woman' nor a lower-middle-class
'person'. Refinement in the sense of 'with fastidious manners' was a
component of its meaning.|
Doctor only by courtesy: the title was still applied by some communities to any medical practitioner.
There the common sense... realm in awe: "Locksley Hall" (line 129), published in 1842 by Tennyson ( 1809-92), a monologue by a disappointed lover. The line refers to the cessation of war, and the poem continues: 'And the kindly earth shall slumber lapt in universal law.' It is ironic in this context, since the lover in the poem has lost his mistress to a richer rival.
|7study for examinations: examinations for women were a relatively recent development. Only in 1869 did it become possible for women to receive a public qualification beyond secondary school. In that year Cambridge University initiated a new public Higher Local Examination open to women.|
|8do you think women ought to sit in Parliament?: a question Madden finds so ludicrous that he cannot take it seriously The scene takes place in 1872, only five years after J. S. Mill's attempt to change the wording of the 1867 Reform Bill to read 'person' for 'man' so that women might have the vote on an equal basis with men. In 1884 the well-organized suffrage movement suffered another Parliamentary defeat.|
|9The Lotos-Eaters: Tennyson's poem, included in Poems published in 1832
(dated 1833). See next note.|
Let us alone... taken from us: "The Lotos-Eaters" (lines 88ff.). It describes the experiences of those who visit the land of the Lotos-Eaters and taste their food. They pass into a permanent state of dreamy inertia like that which inhibits Madden from providing for his daughters' financial future. The lines themselves are prophetic of his impending sudden death. See previous note.
dog-cart: an open carriage with two transverse seats back to back. The