The Religions of Modern Syria and Palestine Lectures Delivered before Lake Forest College on the Foundation of the Late William Bross: Lectures Delivered before Lake Forest College on the Foundation of the Late William Bross

By Frederick Jones Bliss | Go to book overview

CHAPTER VII
THE INFLUENCE OF THE WEST

THIS chapter deals mainly with mission work. In other words, it takes account of certain concrete forms of Western influence deliberately exerted with the aim of affecting one or more of the religious cults of Syria and Palestine. But these particular forms of influence are but parts of' a great, indefinable, indescribable stream of tendency whose potency inheres in its very unconsciousness. It comes, indeed, from the West, but its name is the spirit of the times. In the Holy Land it had begun to make itself felt eighty years ago when American missionaries first landed at Jaffa. Fostered by Christian missions, in turn it helped their progress. It breathed in every school. It grew with the establishment of foreign mercantile houses, British, French, or Italian. Later it flashed along the new telegraph wires and whirred in the new printing-presses. It was fanned into a, brighter flame by the massacres of 1860, which resulted in the short French occupation by the soldiers of Napoleon III. It was freshly manifested a quarter of a century later, when Lebanon peasants and other Syrians who, like their Phœnician ancestors of old, had ventured across the, seas, first began to bring home the ideas of other lands. How powerfully it has worked during the last third of a century can, be accurately gauged by comparing the attitude of the common people when a constitution was promulgated in 1877 with their attitude when precisely the same constitution was proclaimed in 1908. At the earlier period the people, ignorant and apathetic, were as little affected by the granting of rights as they were the next year by their withdrawal. When, thirty years later, ' Abd-el-Hamid was forced by the Young Turks to declare once more for constitutional rule,

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The Religions of Modern Syria and Palestine Lectures Delivered before Lake Forest College on the Foundation of the Late William Bross: Lectures Delivered before Lake Forest College on the Foundation of the Late William Bross
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface xi
  • Contents xiii
  • Chapter I 3
  • Chapter II- The Constitution of the Eastern Churches 35
  • IV- The Uniates 81
  • Chapter III- The Ritual of the Eastern Churches 123
  • Chapter IV- The Five Pillars of Islam 171
  • Chapter V- The Religious Orders of Islam 225
  • Other Features of Islam 276
  • Chapter VII- The Influence of the West 313
  • Appendix 337
  • Index 345
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