|--What role did religion and class play in their organizing efforts?|
|--What were the strengths and weaknesses of B-WAC?|
|--Can urban social planners design programs that encourage grass roots leadership and human development by adopting the strategies that B-WAC participants used?|
In this study, planning is defined as a process in which one strives for clearly identified goals, priorities, and options, and predicts their consequences; it involves a continual monitoring, evaluation, and feedback regarding strategy and programs. Alfred Kahn, in Theory and Practice of Social Planning, sums up planning theory in one sentence: "Planning is a policy choice and programming in the light of facts, projections and applications of values." 2 Planning's immutable strengths are its interdisciplinary aspects or foci. In that light, this research endeavors to enhance public policy analysis and development by establishing a common or shared foundation on which urban social planners and other social scientists can design or foster political and social environments that are equitable for all Americans--especially the disenfranchised. Finally, the study will reveal fresh knowledge of poor women's social change activities, and shed light on human development issues, as well as promote additional research on this movement.