MANY more or less important alterations have been made in this translation, which was first published in 1881, as new editions have from time to time been called for. The present edition in particular has been revised throughout, and brought into accordance with Bywater's text ( Oxford, 1890),* which is coming to be recognized, not in Oxford only, as the received text of the Nicomachean Ethics. I wish gratefully to acknowledge the debt which, in common with all lovers of Aristotle, I owe to Mr. Bywater, both for his edition and for his "Contributions to the Textual Criticism of the Nicomachean Ethics" ( Oxford, 1892).
To Mr. Stewart also I wish to express my gratitude, not only for much assistance derived from his admirable "Notes on the Nicomachean Ethics" ( Oxford, 1892), but also for much kindly and helpful criticism in that work and in a review of my first edition ( Mind, July, 1881). My old friends Mr.____________________