Economic Factors in Soviet Policy
What economic incentives may have reinforced the Kremlin's interest in lessening East-West tensions and in reducing military allocations of men and material? Were there arms control measures that would be economically as well as militarily advantageous?
We have found no evidence that there existed in 1955 economic pressures of a sort that would have provided Moscow with an urgent motive to pursue disarmament agreements with the West. What was present, however, was an economic situation in which significant relaxation of tensions would allow the Kremlin to divert resources to a concentration on weapons systems of possibly decisive future importance while saving on both funds and manpower required for present defenses.
As can be seen from Figure 3.1, the absolute level of Soviet arms spending in 1955 was approximately equal to that pre-