The Rise and Decline of the "Spirit of Geneva"
Despite the apparent narrowing of differences on disarmament in May 1955, and despite the rising "spirit of Geneva," it was clear halfway through the 1955 Geneva Summit Conference that both sides were still in fact taking opposite stands on basic questions. The reservation placed in September 1955 on all U.S. pre-Summit Conference disarmament positions made the differences explicit; at the rancorous Foreign Ministers' meeting in October the dwindling détente received a coup de grâce. Before bringing together the various strands into a picture of Soviet interests in the period, it may be useful to consider the factors pro and con that worked to promote and then subvert the movement toward détente and disarmament.
First, the virtual impossibility of achieving invulnerability to nuclear attack, the desirability of curbing nuclear produc-