Toward a Two-Front Foreign Policy
A distinct correlation between the shift in Soviet arms control policy and a broader turn toward softer modalities in Soviet foreign policy as a whole could be observed in 1954-1956. From 1956 to 1962, however, the basic patterns of Soviet foreign policy were more complex and their impact on Soviet arms control policy more difficult to discern. Soviet foreign policy throughout these years was increasingly engaged in a two-front campaign. Its successes and failures on one front would naturally interact with and affect its policies on the other front. Soviet arms control policy -- because of its far- reaching military, political, and other implications -- was naturally caught up in this two-front struggle.
As we look at Soviet policy on these two main fronts we should bear in mind that the general picture was profoundly influenced by the strategic and economic problems facing the Soviet leadership. The foundations on which the Soviet government had believed itself able to negotiate from strength were rapidly being eroded in 1960 and 1961, thereby introducing a note of desperation into Soviet relations on both