Francophone Literatures: An Introductory Survey

By Belinda Jack | Go to book overview

force of French) is the view that 'la promotion d'une littérature en langue créole est une dimension essentielle du combat pour une construction cohérente de l'identité du peuple créolophone'.4 Grouped around the review Bazaclour, writers committed to the use of Creole argue, 'laissez-nous d'abord étre nous-mémes et nous serons alors mieux prepares pour accueillir la culture universelie'. Rather than celebrating and exploiting the instability of Creole (serious discussions about the normalization of Creole were initiated only in the early 1970s), the desire is that literary writings will tend naturally towards a certain Creole and thus literature will form the language rather than the other way round.

Language within Réunionnais literature should not simply be a matter of choices between different languages (and the baggage which goes with them), but a question which greatly enriches the literary and linguistic possibilities of writing which is rarely 'in' a single pure language (were such a thing to exist). More interestingly the range of languages spoken and written on the island, as on Mauritius, and as in so many francophone areas, creates an atmosphere of linguistic sensitivity and awareness which should act as a literary stimulus. The island's status as a déartement greatly reduces linguistic freedom.


Guide to Further Reading

Antilles and French Guiana

Novels

Edouard Glissant is the most important West Indian novelist writing in French (beginning with La Lézarde, 1958). He has now produced a substantial éuvre which includes poetry and essays (see below). An early and influential novelist is René Maran (winner of the Prix Goncourt for Batouala, 1921). Other major novelists include Joseph Zobel (his first novel Diab'la, 1942, was banned under Vichy). The production in 1983 of the film Rue cases-négres based on his 1955 novel brought him to the attention of an international audience. Mayotte Capécia's novels (Je suis martiniquaise, 1948, and La Négresse blanche, 1950), are controversial. Simone SchwarzBart's historical novels are important (most famously Pluie et vent sur Telumde miracle, 1972). Daniel Maximin's work is an ambitious pastiche of genres (L'Isolé soleil, 1981). Michele Lacrosil's Demain Jab Herma ( 1967) is

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4
Littérature réunionnaise,420.

-156-

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Francophone Literatures: An Introductory Survey
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page *
  • Acknowledgements *
  • Contents *
  • PART I - Europe and North America 23
  • 1 - Belgium 25
  • 2 - Switzerland 41
  • 3 - Quebec and French Canada 57
  • Guide to Further Reading 96
  • PART II - Creole Island 101
  • 4 - Antilles and Frenxh Guiana 103
  • 5 - Haiti 130
  • 6 - Mauritius 144
  • 7 - La Réunion 152
  • Guide to Further Reading 156
  • PART III - North Africa and the Near East 161
  • 8 - Algeria 165
  • 9 - Morocco 185
  • 10 - Tunisia 196
  • 11 - Egypt 207
  • 12 - Lebanon 209
  • Guide to Further Reading 212
  • PART IV - Sub-Saharan Africa and Madagascar 217
  • 13 - Sub-Saharan Africa 219
  • 14 - Madagascar 267
  • Guide to Further Reading 274
  • Conclusion 277
  • Select Bibliography 282
  • Index 283
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