Francophone Literatures: An Introductory Survey

By Belinda Jack | Go to book overview

Esquif ( 1968). The process of malgachisation which followed the change of leadership in 1973 has discouraged writing in French, but a number of short-story writers including Patrick Andriamangatiana and Tsilavina Ralaindimby have been awarded major prizes for their work. A number of texts, Pélandrova Dreo's autobiographical novel, Pélandrova ( 1975), Michèle Rakotoson's plays, Sambancy, one of the winners in the Concours thétral interafricain in 1980, and Histoire de Koto, one of the winners in the same competition in 1982, and Jocelyne Trime's albeit slim collection of poems entitled Moïka ( 1984), testify to the continuing tradition of francophone Malagasy writing suggesting, however marginal it might be, the continuing existence of a body of texts to which new material will be added.


Guide to Further Reading

Novels

Among the most widely known novelists (and novels) of the period before Independence are: Mongo Beti ( Le Pauvre Christ de Bomba, 1956), Camara Laye ( L'Enfant noir, 1953), Ferdinand Oyono ( Une Vie de boy, 1956), and Ousmane Sembène ( Les Bouts de bois de Dieu, 1960).

After Independence Ahmadou Kourouma's Les Soleils des indépendances ( 1968) is a major literary landmark. Yambo Ouologuem's Le Devoir de violence ( 1968), is, as its title suggests, a controversial publication. V. Y. Mudimbé 's Entre les eaux ( 1973) and Jean-Baptiste Tati-Loutard's Les Chroniques congolaises ( 1974) are also major publications of the period.

During the 1980s Henri Lopès's Le Pleurer-Rire ( 1982) is notable particularly for its linguistic and formal innovation. Tchicaya U Tam'si's trilogy ( Les Cancrelats, 1980; Les Miduses ou les orties de la mer, 1982; and Les Phalènes, 1984) are also important. Other major novelists of the period include: Mariama Bâ ( Une si longue lettre, 1979), Nafissatou Diallo ( Le Fort maudit, 1980), Werewere Liking ( Elle sera de jaspe et de corail, 1984, a chant-roman), M. a M. Ngal ( L'Errance, 1979), Sony Labou Tansi ( La Vie et demie, 1979), Aminata Sow Fall ( La Grève des battus, 1979), Marie Ndiaye ( Comédie classique, 1986, and Enfamille, 1990).


Poetry

The most famous of the major poets of the first generation is Léopold Sédar Senghor beginning with Chants d'ombre ( 1945). His complete (to that date) Œuvre poétique was published in 1990. David Diop, whose work belongs within the protest tradition ( Coups de Pilon, 1961) and Birago Diop,

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Francophone Literatures: An Introductory Survey
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page *
  • Acknowledgements *
  • Contents *
  • PART I - Europe and North America 23
  • 1 - Belgium 25
  • 2 - Switzerland 41
  • 3 - Quebec and French Canada 57
  • Guide to Further Reading 96
  • PART II - Creole Island 101
  • 4 - Antilles and Frenxh Guiana 103
  • 5 - Haiti 130
  • 6 - Mauritius 144
  • 7 - La Réunion 152
  • Guide to Further Reading 156
  • PART III - North Africa and the Near East 161
  • 8 - Algeria 165
  • 9 - Morocco 185
  • 10 - Tunisia 196
  • 11 - Egypt 207
  • 12 - Lebanon 209
  • Guide to Further Reading 212
  • PART IV - Sub-Saharan Africa and Madagascar 217
  • 13 - Sub-Saharan Africa 219
  • 14 - Madagascar 267
  • Guide to Further Reading 274
  • Conclusion 277
  • Select Bibliography 282
  • Index 283
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