FOR critical discussions of John Polidori's The Vampyre, see Richard Sharp Astle, "'Ontological Ambiguity and Historical Pessimism in Polidori's The Vampyre'" in Sphinx, 2 ( 1977), 8-16; Judith Barbour, "'Dr John William Polidori, Author of The Vampyre'" in Imagining Romanticism: Essays on English and Australian Romanticism, eds. Deidre Coleman and Peter Otto (West Cornwall, Conn., 1992), 85-110; James Rieger, "'Dr Polidori and the Genesis of Frankenstein'" in Studies in English Literature, 3 ( 1963), 461-72; Roxana Stuart, "'Ruthven'" in Stage Blood: Vampires of the 19th-Century Stage ( Bowling Green, Ohio, 1994), 11-175; Richard Switzer, "'Lord Ruthven and the Vampires'" in The French Review, 29 ( 1955), 107-12; Henry R. Viets, "'The London Editions of Polidori's The Vampyre'" in Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America, 63 ( 1969), 83-103.
The best general studies of the vampire include: Nina Auerbach, Our Vampires, Ourselves ( Chicago, 1995); Margaret Carter, The Vampire in Literature: A Critical Bibliography ( Ann Arbor, Mich., 1989); Christopher Frayling, "'Introduction'" in Vampyres: Lord Byron to Count Dracula, ed. Christopher Frayling ( London, 1991), 3-84; Brian J. Frost, The Monster with a Thousand Faces: Guises of the Vampire in Myth and Literature ( Bowling Green, Ohio, 1989); Ken Gelder, Reading the Vampire ( London, 1994); Peter D. Grudin, The Demon Lover ( New York, 1987); Carol Senf, The Vampire in Nineteenth- Century English Literature ( Bowling Green, Ohio, 1988); James Twitchell , The Living Dead. A Study of the Vampire in Romantic Literature ( Durham, NC, 1981).
There has been no detailed study of the nineteenth-century magazine tale of terror. For background discussion, see Edith Birkhead, The Tale of Terror ( London, 1921); Noël Carroll, The Philosophy of Horror or Paradoxes of the Heart ( London, 1990); William Patrick Day , In the Circles of Fear and Desire ( Chicago, 1985); Benjamin Franklin Fisher IV , The Gothic's Gothic ( New York, 1988); Terry Heller , The Delights of Terror ( Urbana, Ill., 1987); David Punter, The Literature of Terror ( London, 198o); and Donald Ringe, American Gothic ( Lexington, Ky., 1982).
For discussions of the development and significance of magazine fiction in the late Romantic and early Victorian periods, see Michael Allen , Poe and the British Magazine Tradition ( New York, 1969); Elliott Engell and Margaret King, The Victorian Novel Before Victoria:1830-1837