7 Employment Patterns Among
Today's Immigrants

Ethnic enclaves in the economy are a tradition in New York City; ethnic identity has always played a strong role in determining if an immigrant works, where he or she works, and what he or she does for a living. During the 19th century, for example, Irish immigrants established dominance over work on the city's waterfront, while German immigrants were dominant as workers in the city's thriving breweries.

Today's immigrants to New York City have carved out economic niches of their own. Garment manufacturing, health care, and food retailing in grocery stores and restaurants are industries that now rely heavily on immigrant labor; employment in these industries follows clear ethnic and racial lines. Immigrant women from China and Latin America, for example, are concentrated in the garment industry, while West Indian men and women predominate in the city's hospitals and nursing homes.

Ethnic networks in the job market provide opportunities for immigrants. Connections in the grocery stores, hospitals, and garment lofts that employ immigrants afford newcomers an all-important toehold in New York. Indeed, ethnic hiring networks are an important part of the story of how the new immigrants have succeeded in finding work in New York in spite of the industrial retrenchment of the 1970s.

These hiring networks often flourish in low-wage, high-turnover businesses. They may offer subsistence, but not necessarily prosperity. Like the European immigrants of the 19th and early 20th centuries, today's Korean greengrocers, West Indian hospital orderlies, and Dominican sewing machine operators long to improve their lots, and they dream of better jobs for their children. For them, no less than for the European

-82-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Immigration in New York
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • List of Tables vii
  • List of Figures ix
  • Preface xi
  • Acknowledgments xiii
  • Part I - The Background 1
  • 1 - Introduction 3
  • 2 - Social and Legislative History 11
  • Part II - Today's Demographics 31
  • 3 - Recent Statistics on New York City Immigration 33
  • 4 - Undocumented Aliens and the Census Undercount 50
  • 5 - Five-City Comparison 58
  • 6 - Ethnic Geography 68
  • 7 - Employment Patterns among Today's Immigrants 82
  • Part III - The Service Delivery System 99
  • 8 - Social Services: Welfare and Beyond 101
  • 9 - Refugee Resettlement 119
  • 10 - Cuban/Haitian Entrants: a History 134
  • 11 - The Catholic Church and Its Services to Immigrants 140
  • 12 - The Role of Public Education 153
  • 13 - Issues in Health Care 168
  • 14 - Immigrants and the Criminal Justice System 180
  • 15 - The Immigration and Naturalization Service 190
  • Part IV - For the Record 205
  • 16 - Costs and Revenues 207
  • 17 - Ethnic Media 218
  • 18 - Inventory of Academic Studies 231
  • 19 - Conclusions and Recommendations 243
  • 20 - Epilogue: a Paean to the Lady 250
  • Glossary 251
  • Acronyms 257
  • Bibliography 259
  • Index 263
  • About the Author 269
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 278

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.