8 Social Services: Welfare and Beyond

The fear that indigent immigrants might swell the nation's welfare rolls has played a large part in the recent debates on U.S. immigration policy. As Congress strove to design a legalization program for undocumented aliens who had established roots in the United States, analysts produced widely divergent estimates of potential costs in public benefits that would become available to newly legalized aliens. Concern over cost predictions and disagreement over an equitable reimbursement formula for local governments worked against earlier passage of an immigration bill.

New York City officials have insisted that the federal government provide full reimbursement to localities for social service costs incurred as a result of legalization, but their attitude was not one of great alarm or anti-immigrant sentiment. In New York City, they knew, immigrants make far less use of public assistance than do the native-born. Figures from the 1980 census suggest that foreign-headed households used public assistance at just over half the rate of native-headed households.

One reason for immigrants' lower-than-average use of public assistance is that immigration is generally motivated by the desire to find work. Many immigrants are willing to work at low-paying, low-status jobs if the only alternative is welfare. The stereotype of the hard-working, "we-help-our-own" immigrant is rooted in reality.

Like immigrants earlier in the century, today's immigrants are helped by family and countrymen who preceded them to New York. The most important agents in the immigrant adaptation process are families, neighborhood groups, ethnic associations, and small businesses, not social welfare agencies. This is true for legal and illegal immigrants alike.

-101-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Immigration in New York
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • List of Tables vii
  • List of Figures ix
  • Preface xi
  • Acknowledgments xiii
  • Part I - The Background 1
  • 1 - Introduction 3
  • 2 - Social and Legislative History 11
  • Part II - Today's Demographics 31
  • 3 - Recent Statistics on New York City Immigration 33
  • 4 - Undocumented Aliens and the Census Undercount 50
  • 5 - Five-City Comparison 58
  • 6 - Ethnic Geography 68
  • 7 - Employment Patterns among Today's Immigrants 82
  • Part III - The Service Delivery System 99
  • 8 - Social Services: Welfare and Beyond 101
  • 9 - Refugee Resettlement 119
  • 10 - Cuban/Haitian Entrants: a History 134
  • 11 - The Catholic Church and Its Services to Immigrants 140
  • 12 - The Role of Public Education 153
  • 13 - Issues in Health Care 168
  • 14 - Immigrants and the Criminal Justice System 180
  • 15 - The Immigration and Naturalization Service 190
  • Part IV - For the Record 205
  • 16 - Costs and Revenues 207
  • 17 - Ethnic Media 218
  • 18 - Inventory of Academic Studies 231
  • 19 - Conclusions and Recommendations 243
  • 20 - Epilogue: a Paean to the Lady 250
  • Glossary 251
  • Acronyms 257
  • Bibliography 259
  • Index 263
  • About the Author 269
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 278

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.