I want to thank Augsburg College for granting a sabbatical for the spring term of 1979 and the National Endowment for the Humanities for a 1978 Summer Seminar Stipend. These provided both time and resources to enable me to make substantial progress on the manuscript. The editors of the following journals have kindly consented to allow me to reprint materials from my articles which were published in their journals. "Natural Evils and Natural Laws: A Theodicy for Natural Evil," International Philosophical Quarterly 16 ( June 1976), 179-96, is revised and included in Chapter 5. Chapters 4 and 6 incorporate revised parts of my article "Must God Create the Best Possible World?" International Philosophical Quarterly 19 ( June 1979), 203-12. "The Deductive Argument from Evil," Sophia 20 ( April 1981), 25-42; "The Inductive Argument from Evil," American Philosophical Quarterly 17, No. 3 ( July 1980), 221-27; and "Why Is God Good?" The Journal of Religion, 60 ( Jan. 1980), 51-66, appear partly revised as Chapters 1, 2, and 7, respectively.