2 Theories of Prejudice
CHAPTER OUTLINE Prejudice, Attitudes, Symbolic Racism Theory Discrimination, and Racism Compunction Theory Traditional Explanations of Covert Racism and Realitic Prejudice Group Conflict: A Critique Realistic Group Conflict Theory Race Relations: Future Measures of Traditional Prospects? Prejudice Summary Explanations of Covert Racism Response Amplification Theory Aversive Racism Theory
In recent years racial incidents have become increasingly frequent in the United States. Moreover, they are no longer created solely by a small number of hate groups whose views most Americans reject. Surprisingly, university campuses have become a focus for racial incidents: Racist episodes were reported at more than 300 colleges and universities between 1986 and 1991. For instance, at the University of Maryland-Baltimore, one in five African American students reports some form of racial harassment ( Newsweek, 1991).
Race is becoming an increasingly divisive issue in politics, and it was a dominant issue in the 1988 and 1992 national elections in the United States. Further, a 1991 Congressional debate over a proposed civil rights bill provoked heated charges of reverse discrimination and quotas from one side, countered by charges of barely