6 Intergroup Conflict and Its Resolution
CHAPTER OUTLINE Origins of Group Conflict Mediation Realistic Group Conflict Theory Unilateral De-escalation Relative Deprivation Theory A Methodological Caveat Basic Psychological Needs Summary Conflict Resolution Deterrence Negotiation
One of the most intransigent political problems of the twentieth century has been the conflict between the Palestinians and Israelis. The two sides have engaged in countless terrorist and counterterrorist attacks over the last half century. Hatred and mistrust run deep. The dispute involves real differences over territory, religion, politics, economics, and culture. The Palestinians feel greatly deprived in comparison to the Israelis, and these feelings of deprivation have bred deep resentment and anger. The Israelis have been reluctant to make the concessions demanded by the Palestinians, particularly those that might threaten their own security and identity. The full range of conflict resolution strategies have been used by both sides, including open conflict, the use of threats as deterrents, direct negotiations, mediated negotiations, and unilateral concession making. Over the years progress has been made, but the conflict seemed to defy resolution until 1993, when a major breakthrough was achieved.