Lincoln's Road to Emancipation
John A. Logan
The rebels themselves...by the employment of their slaves in the construction at Bull Run and elsewhere, against the Union forces, brought the Thirty-seventh Congress, as well as the military commanders, and the President, to an early consideration of the slavery question. But it was nonetheless a question to be treated with the utmost delicacy.
The Union men, as well as the secession-sympathizers, of Kentucky and Tennessee and Missouri and Maryland, largely believed in slavery, or at least were averse to any interference with it. These, would not see that the right to destroy that unholy institution could pertain to any authority, or be justified by any exigency; much less that, as held by some authorities, its existence ceased at the moment when its hands, or those of the State in which it had existed, were used to assail the general Government.
They looked with especial suspicion and distrust upon the guarded utterances of the President upon all questions touching the future of the colored race.
They believed that when Fremont issued the general order...in which that general declared that "The property, real and personal, of all persons, in the State of Missouri, who shall take up arms against the United States, or who shall be directly proven to have taken an active part with their enemies in the field, is declared to be confiscated to the public use, and their Slaves, if any they have, are hereby declared Free men," it must have been with the concurrence, if not at the suggestion, of the President; and, when the President subsequently, September 11, 1861, made an open order directing that this clause of Fremont's general order, or proclamation,
JOHN A. LOGAN, The Great Conspiracy: Its Origin and History ( New York, 1886), Ch. xx.
At the outbreak of the war, John A. Logan, an ardent supporter of Stephen A. Douglas, and Congressman from Illinois, seemed to waver, and his Republican opponents loudly proclaimed that he was preparing to join the Confederates. Logan became a General of Volunteers, and was one of the few "political" generals to come out of the war with an unblemished military reputation. After the war he returned to the House of Representatives, and then, to the Senate as an ardent Republican. His ill-done compilation, The Great Conspiracy, lacked literary or historical merit but embodied the full spirit of the Republicanism which he embraced ardently, almost compulsively.">