TRANSITION IN NEW JERSEY AND NEW YORK, 1880 THROUGH MID-CENTURY
Common labor, white $1.30 to $1.50 Common labor, colored $1.25 to $1.40 Common labor, Italian $1.15 to $1.25 Public notice at New York's Croton Reservoir ( 1895)
Two central features of the peasant funeral -- the anxiety over the soul and the quest for public status -- were perpetuated in the practices of ItalianAmerican workers through the middle of the twentieth century. These practices, when placed within the context of Anglo-American middle-class culture, are clearly different and, accordingly, could not have arisen from that milieu. Instead, what we witness is the perpetuation of a counterdiscourse which stood in opposition to the dominant. To understand the rationale for that view, it must first be placed within the context of working class life in New Jersey and New York.