THE REALITY OF THE COUNTER-DISCOURSE AND THE ISSUE OF CONTINUITY
Entering and exiting. These two words should be abolished. One does not enter or exit: one continues.
Antonio Gramsci, in Avanti! ( 1917)
This work has described the reproduction of daily life over a century-long period. I have charted the history of daily customs, whose rationales were rooted in a specific class outlook. It was a perspective beautifully described by Herbert Gutman, who ended his story at the beginning of the twentieth century. I have proposed that Italian-American workers continued to create their own world long after that historical juncture. Theirs was a pattern of behavior which began before that time as well; indeed, before their entrance into the very different social relations of New Jersey and New York.
My central emphasis has thus been that of cultural continuity. The heroic days of radical labor confrontations were few when compared with the relative quiet of daily life. It was nonetheless in the construction of that